The following essay contains only a small sampling of the horrendous atrocities inflicted on Natives by Europeans. Tammany in New York City first held a dinner to honor the man and his deeds. Unfortunately, his character had a dark side. Columbus described the Arawaks -- the Native people in the West Indies -- as timid, artless, free, and generous.
He would be governor for life of any lands he discovered, but he was expected to finance for himself all costs of exploration and settlement.
In addition, the contract gave specific instructions for the distribution of gold, Native Americans, and other profits extracted from the new lands. Notably, there was no mention of a rejuvenating fountain.
The only near contemporary description known for this expedition comes from Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillasa Spanish historian who apparently had access to the original ships' logs or related secondary sources from which he created a summary of the voyage published in Anton de Alaminos was their chief pilot.
He was already an experienced sailor, and would become one of the most respected pilots in the region. After leaving Puerto Rico, they sailed northwest along the great chain of Bahama Islands, known then as the Lucayos. On March 27, Easter Sunday, they sighted an island that was unfamiliar to the sailors on the Essay on bartolome de las casas.
Because many Spanish seamen were acquainted with the Bahamas, which had been depopulated by slaving ventures, some scholars believe that this "island" was actually Florida, as it was thought to be an island for several years after its formal discovery.
He named it La Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniards called Pascua Florida Festival of Flowers.
The following day they came ashore to seek information and take possession of this new land. Some historians believe it occurred at or near St. This latitude corresponds to a spot north of St.
On April 8 they encountered a current so strong that it pushed them backwards and forced them to seek anchorage. The tiniest ship, the San Cristobal, was carried out of sight and lost for two days.
This was the first encounter with the Gulf Stream where it reaches maximum force between the Florida coast and the Bahamas. Because of the powerful boost provided by the current, it would soon become the primary route for eastbound ships leaving the Spanish Indies bound for Europe.
The Tequesta did not engage the Spanish, they evacuated into the coastal woodlands. On May 15 they left Biscayne Bay and sailed along the Florida Keyslooking for a passage to head north and explore the west coast of the Florida peninsula.
The vicinity of Charlotte Harbor is the most commonly identified spot, while some assert a landing further north at Tampa Bay or even Pensacola. They were approached by Calusawho might have been initially interested in trading but relations soon turned hostile.
Several skirmishes followed with casualties on both sides and the Spaniards took eight Indians captive,  including one to become a translator. An unsubstantiated claim to justify Spanish retreat. They reached the Dry Tortugas on June From these islands they sailed southwest in an apparent attempt to circle around Cuba and return home to Puerto Rico.
Failing to take into account the powerful currents pushing them eastward, they struck the northeast shore of Cuba and were initially confused about their location. From here the little fleet disbanded. The other ship, after further explorations returned safely on February 20, Spanish slave expeditions had been regularly raiding the Bahamas since and there is some evidence that one or more of these slavers made it as far as the shores of Florida.
Most historians hold that the search for gold and the expansion of the Spanish Empire were far more imperative than any potential search for such a fountain.
A party of Caribs from a neighboring island had attacked the settlement of Caparrakilled several Spaniards and burned it to the ground. He left Puerto Rico in April and was warmly received by Ferdinand when he arrived at court in Valladolid.
There he was knighted,  and given a personal coat of armsbecoming the first conquistador to receive these honors. In addition to the usual directions for sharing gold and other valuables with the king, the contract was one of the first to stipulate that the Requerimiento was to be read to the inhabitants of the islands prior to their conquest.
The record of his activities against the Caribs is vague. There was one engagement in Guadeloupe on his return to the area and possibly two or three other encounters.
Meanwhile, there had been at least two unauthorized voyages to "his" Florida both ending in repulsion by the native Calusa Tequesta warriors. Before the settlement could be established, the colonists were attacked by the Calusathe indigenous people who dominated southern Florida and whose principal town was nearby.Gmail is email that's intuitive, efficient, and useful.
15 GB of storage, less spam, and mobile access. Free Essay: In A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, Bartolomé de Las Casas vividly describes the brutality wrought on the natives in the.
Event. Date. Global Population Statistics.
The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
Bartolome de Las Casas “The people next door” Rosella Bang The author “Jonathan R. Gould Jar”, tells us about his experience with different types of neighbors, since he had the experience of moving around and the best one to live next to.
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