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At first, digital media allowed pro- democracy movements to use the internet against authoritarian regimes; however, these regimes eventually worked social media into their own counter-insurgency strategies.
Digital media helped to turn individualized, localized, and community-specific dissent into structured movements with a collective consciousness about both shared grievances and opportunities for action. Egyptian Revolution of On January 25 ofmass protests began in Cairo, Egyptprotesting the long reign of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarakthe high unemployment rate, government corruption, povertyEssay on democracy and dictatorship in pakistan oppression within society.
This day revolution did not begin with guns, violence, or protests, but rather with the creation of a single Facebook page which quickly gained the attention of thousands, and soon millions, of Egyptians, spreading into a global phenomenon. In order to have a democratic, free nation, all information that can be shared, should be shared.
Protestors communicated, organized, and collaborated through the use of this technology with real time, real impacts. Even when the regime eliminated all access to the Internet in a failed attempt to halt further political online forums, Google and Twitter teamed up, making a system that would get information out to the public without having access to the internet.
The revolution in Egypt has been understood by some as an example of a broader trend of transforming from a system based on group control to one of "networked individualism".
These networked societies are constructed post -"triple revolution" of technology, which involves a three-step process. Step one in the "triple revolution" is "the turn to social networks", step two: Such technologies provide an alternative sphere that is unregulated by the government, and where construction of ideas and protests can foster without regulation.
For example, In Egypt, the "April 6 Youth Movement" established their political group on Facebook where they called for a national strike to occur on April 6.
This event was ultimately suppressed, however; the Facebook group remained, spurring the growth of other activist parties to take an online media route.
The Internet in Egypt was used also to form connections with networks of people outside of their own country.
The connections provided through Internet media sources, such as Twitter allowed rapid spread of the revolt to be known around the world. Specifically, more than 3 million tweets contained six popular hashtags alluring to the revolt, for example, Egypt and sidibouzid; further enabling the spread of knowledge and change in Egypt.
On March 21,a group of 33 Senators introduced a resolution condemning "the crimes against humanity" committed by Joseph Kony and the LRA.
The resolution supports the continued efforts by the US government to "strengthen the capabilities of regional military forces deployed to protect civilians and pursue commanders of the LRA, and calls for cross-border efforts to increase civilian protection and provide assistance to populations affected by the LRA.
This YouTube sensation is gonna help the Congress be more aggressive and will do more to lead to his demise than all other action combined". During that time it sought to mobilize the masses in support of their demands for a less corrupt society in India. Long March Pakistan [ edit ] Main article: Thousands of people pledged to sit-in until their demands were met.
Our lawmakers are the lawbreakers. Requirements[ edit ] E-Democracy is made possible through its role in relevancy of participation, the social construction of inclusiveness, sensitivity to the individual, and flexibility in participation.
A structure of social inclusion is also provided through a wide variety of Internet sites, groups, and social networks, all representing different viewpoints and ideas.
Finally, the Internet is an extremely flexible area of participation; it is low in cost and widely available to the public. Through these four directions, E-Democracy and the implementation of the Internet are able to play an active role in societal change. Right to Internet access The E-democratic process is hindered by the digital divide between active participants and those who do not participate in electronic communities.
Advocates of E-democracy may advocate government moves to close this gap. There is also skepticicsm of the amount of impact that they can make through online participation. This is especially important when considering electronic voting.
An electoral voting system is more complex than other electronic transaction systems and the authentication mechanisms employed must be able to prevent ballot rigging or the threat of rigging. Electronic voting in Estonia is one example of a method to conquer the privacy-identity problem inherent in internet voting systems.
However, the objective should be to provide equivalence with the security and privacy of current manual systems. It is also important that people are able to become involved in the process, at a time and place that is convenient to them but when their opinions will count.
The government will need to ensure that the structures are in place to deal with increased participation. In order to ensure that issues are debated in a democratic, inclusive, tolerant and productive way, the role that intermediaries and representative organizations may play should be considered.
In order to strengthen the effectiveness of the existing legal rights of access to information held by public authorities, citizens should have the right to effective public deliberation and moderation.
The social media Web 2. New information processing techniques, including big data analytics and the semantic web have shown ways to make use of these possibilities for the implementation of future forms of e-democracy.
Forms of democracy trade-off table  E-democracy has been analyzed with regard to the different stages of the democratic process, such as "information provision, deliberation, and participation in decision-making.Energized by the country’s economic crisis, Greece’s political extremes are violently rocking the cradle of democracy and threatening its longstanding political order.
Mar 07, · In Pakistan, democracy faced four military intrusions, which was the menace for democracy. Massive corruption paved the way for military to intervene in the internal affairs of country.
After independence, massive corruption started to great extent. The category contains more than free essays on various educational topics for students and researchers. To the question "Why do the terrorists hate us?" Americans could be pardoned for answering, "Why should we care?" The immediate reaction to the murder of 5, innocents is anger, not analysis.
Democracy in Pakistan Essay DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN OUTLINES 1. Introduction 2. What is Problems of democracy in Pakistan Written by Lal Khan in Lahore Tuesday, The system of government kept on switching between dictatorship and democracy.
This irresolution contributed a lot to various crises like military coups, strife among ethnic. Answer:Essay Writing on Advantages and disadvantages of Democracy and Dictatorship. The uses and abuses of dictatorship (4) Pakistan and the two conventions (5) Conclusion: Historical Perspective Any system, be it democracy or dictatorship, should be gradual.
All western democracies were, in their initial periods of growth, dictatorship.