Eu reform treaty things to ponder about essay

The EU reform treaty: Part of the general attack by the imperialist bourgeoisie What fundamentally is the purpose of the EU reform treaty?

Eu reform treaty things to ponder about essay

In fact, the EU has itself long acknowledged the important role that interest groups play in the EU decision-making process. The European Economic and Social Committee, for instance, established informalized EU consultation with employers, workers, and other various interests.

Interest groups are an important and highly institutionalized aspect of the EU decision-making process. But how have changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty affected the way interest groups lobby in the EU? My central argument is that the EU, post-Lisbon, is facing an unprecedented period of increased and intensified interest group lobbying activity.

The challenge the EU faces, I argue, is not to curtail interest group involvement in the EU decision-making process, but rather to ensure that the lobbying process is fair, impartial and, most importantly, transparent. Current EU mechanisms, however, appear to fall short of these tasks.

The European Union EU had become too cumbersome — too bureaucratic. It lacked efficiency, effectiveness and democratic accountability and it was too far removed from the citizens who could no longer understand what the EU was all about. Also, it lacked capacity to deal with the globalised world.

If it were to enlarge so as to include many of the former communist countries, Cyprus and Malta and perhaps more countries in the future, it needed reform. The group would examine how to deal with the problems that were seen as the leftovers of the Nice Treaty Duff Though signed by all Heads of States and Governments in Rome on 29 October the text was however rejected in two referendums inin France and the Netherlands.

Eu reform treaty things to ponder about essay

There followed a reflection period of two years, even if some member states still continued with referendums and the ratification process so as to gauge the support for the document that had been created.

This treaty too required approval in popular referendums in various member states and a final signature by some heads of state Poland and Czech Republic. Although it was often trying, eventually Lisbon Treaty had been ratified.

It entered into force in December This policy brief seeks to examine the institutional rules and the decision-making process in the EU before and after the Lisbon Treaty. Its purpose is to examine what were the challenges that the EU responded to that ultimately led to the Lisbon Treaty?

What institutional changes were made? What has been the outcome of these changes, and have they led to the desired results?

EU at a crossroad as members ponder UK situations - Opinion -

How can we make sense of these results from a theoretical perspective? European integration theories typically focus their attention on intergovernmental bargaining, the underlying interests at stake, the functional drive underlying the integration process, and the role of experts.

By looking through these theoretical lenses we will assess what can be learnt about the process of institutional change in the EU during this period and what might lie ahead. The Elusive Quest for Continuity?

The reform of the Council and the question of a longer term of the Council Presidency was also an important topic in the Convention on the Future of Europe, which laid the groundwork for the Lisbon Treaty. The result was, however, a hybrid. While the Presidency of the European Council was extended, the Presidency at the ministerial and working group level continues to rotate every six months between member states with the exception of foreign policy.

Since its founding in the s, the European Union1 has faced an increasingly complex legislative environment. The scope of its competences has increased drastically, its membership has risen nearly fivefold and the set-up of its legislative decision-making procedures has become more sophisticated.

In light of the near-doubling of its membership inthe Union embarked on a major overhaul of its institutions. Tony Blair aptly summarized a common feeling before enlargement: Throughout the history of the Union, the Council of Ministers has been the crucial linchpin through which all legislation has to pass to be enacted.

Eu reform treaty things to ponder about essay

Consequently, all discussion on institutional reform included changes to the workings of the Council. The application of some of these changes had to be delayed because of their extreme political sensitivity.

Trying to assess what are the effects of the Treaty of Lisbon in practice, i. Still, some of the changes had already taken place, namely introduction of the ordinary legislative procedure, i.

Also, we may assume that the actors and the institutions as collective bodies may have already adjusted their behavior in preparation for the moment when the entire new institutional set-up is going to be in place.Dec 11,  · The Swedish Parliament's approval of the EU Reform Treaty yesterday (20 November) has further increased the pressure on the EU's two odd men out, the Czech Republic and Ireland, to come up with a.

Nobody denies the need to reform the EU's common security and defense policy. And on paper, at least, it has existed in the Maastricht Treaty since Nov 28,  · Parliamentary approval by all means. But if these are tricks just to torpedo the treaty against the wishes of the other 26 EU members then it justifies De .

EU-US deal to share bank records for counter-terrorism purposes. And to the irritation of EU foreign ministers, they also delayed the establishment of the new European external action service. The Reform Treaty retains all the essential components of an EU superstate that were included in the constitution, including a single legal personality, a permanent EU presidency, an EU-wide.

The Eu Reform Treaty Introduction On 18 October , EU leaders agreed on a final text of the new EU Reform Treaty during the summit in Lisbon/5(1).

EU referendum: Reforms need treaty change, MPs say - BBC News