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Comments 0 Frank Salter For the intellectual Left that came to power in the s and s, no front of the culture wars is more important than the national question—what constitutes a nation, the benefits and costs of nationhood, the connections between national identity and interests, ethnic and racial differences, and the proper relations between nation, state, immigration, domestic ethnic groups and other countries.
Four of the five taboos in the social sciences are related directly or indirectly to these issues: In the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth, Western elites often combined affection for their peoples with liberalism, including support for expanded civil rights.
The Christian drive to end slavery in the late eighteenth century was not associated with unpatriotic sentiment.
Labour movements have often supported protectionism and restrictive immigration in alliance with conservatives. However, as Eric Kaufmann has documented, the internationalist strand in socialist thought rose to prominence during the course of the twentieth century.
One such activist was Columbia University anthropology professor Franz Boas, who helped supplant the nascent biosocial sciences in the United States with the cosmopolitan New Social Sciences.
The research purported to demonstrate that races rapidly converge on a common type when living in the same country. His goal was to assuage Anglo-American concerns that mass immigration would alter national identity. Boas was so strongly motivated in this direction that he opposed all biological theories of human nature.
To that end he abandoned liberal and academic standards. Despite evincing the values of the liberal revolutionaries, he remained a stalwart of the Soviet Union through the Ukrainian genocide of — On the scientific side, he doggedly supported official Soviet Lamarckianism, the theory that characteristics acquired by individuals during their lifetimes are passed on genetically to children.
Boas remained a Lamarckian long after the theory was discredited in scientific circles. His research, a keystone document in the effort to radicalise American social science, was recently shown to be fallacious, not in the data collected by junior colleagues but in the statistical analysis conducted by Boas, a master statistician.
I am not suggesting that the pioneer leftist social scientists were Soviet agents. But they were sympathetic. Neither was he a revolutionary. But he did move in far-Leftist circles and in chaired the Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials, organised by a Trotskyist front organisation that included Boas.
The Commission concluded that Trotsky had been loyal to the revolution. A century after Boas the flaws in Marxist economics are understood but communist doctrine regarding the national question is triumphant.
This is manifested intellectually in a near absence of biology in media and academic discussions. Politically it is evident in the intolerant utopianism of multiculturalism, revolutionary levels of immigration, and censorship of free speech on the subject.
The same political elite that was surprised when the Soviet Union broke up into its constituent nations—because they did not regard it as an empire consisting of captive nations praying for release—is also managing the progressive swamping of Western nations by mass immigration.
The policy is fascinating from the evolutionary perspective because it is drastically reducing the collective fitness of Western populations. Not everything about the process is new. Displacement of populations through colonisation has been happening since time immemorial, usually on a much smaller scale.
What distinguishes the present situation throughout much of the West is that it was not initiated by armed invasion. Instead, colonisation is occurring at the invitation of Western elites, often contrary to public opinion.
The process is epochal whether viewed through zoological, national or democratic eyes. Media coverage The national question figures large in the Australian media. From September until August I collected articles and programs on national themes, mainly from the Sydney Morning Herald henceforth the Herald but also from the Australian and selected television and radio programs.
The Herald is part of the Fairfax media group, which occupies a position analogous to the New York Times in America, from which it often reprints articles.
The newspaper reflects the Murdoch formula of a campaigning approach to journalism with a neoconservative flavour. The collected media reports discussed Aborigines, refugees, white racism, the benefits of multiculturalism and diversity, criticism of white Australia, national identity including Anzac Dayforeign investment, international relations, and overseas ethnic conflict.
As expected, there were almost no references to biological factors. A rare exception was a Herald report of a scientific study concerning the evolution of racial differences August 16,p. Though it was not mentioned in the article, this area of research is relevant to studies of ethnic conflict and diversity because it bears on the significant genetic differences between ethnic groups and races.
This makes ethnic groups vast pools of kinship for their members, and helps explain the passions that frequently characterise ethnic affairs.
Caucasians have had agriculture for many thousands of years and become genetically adapted to more sugar in their diet.Irish poet and Nobel Laureate who wrote some of the most evocative verse of the 20th century Ireland, the feminine country, was entered by England, possessed by England, planted with English.
This article reconstructs the expansion of Europe overseas and the multiple forms of encounters between European navigators, explorers, conquerors, colonizers, merchants and missionaries and "other" peoples and cultures over the course of four centuries.
Irish History Timeline Early Ireland: BC - fourth century AD Even so, the Anglo-Irish parliament confirmed him as leader and declared Ireland independent of English law. There had long been tension between the English of Ireland and of England.
Respectable Irish opinion towards the . The title of this poem is the year in which the Anglo-Irish war began. It signals the beginning of a new era after the Great War and marks the first year of that struggle.
In both these poems, Yeats's position is to live in an in-between status. That view changed along with changes in English literary studies generally from the mid century, after which the study of contemporary culture, and of Irish and American literature, gained greater credence.
theRZJ Anglo-Irish social democrat 13 points 14 points 15 points 11 months ago There’s no particular truth in calling the country “southern Ireland”. The name of the country is “Ireland”, and if you have to disambiguate between that and the island: “the Republic of Ireland”.