For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner. The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
Work not for a reward; but never cease to do thy work. The Bhagavad Gita2: We cannot be held responsible beyond our strength and means, since the resulting events are quite outside of our control and, in fact, we have power over nothing except our will; which is the basis upon which all rules concerning man's duty must of necessity be founded.
Michel de Montaigne, Essays, "That our actions should be judged by our intentions," I: Cohen, Penguin, p. The State of Nature has a Law of Nature to govern it, which obliges every one: And Reason, which is that Law, teaches all Mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his Life, Health, Liberty, or Possessions.
Hobbes characterizes his completely empirical way of thinking very remarkably by the fact that, in his book De Principiis Geometrarum, he denies the whole of really pure mathematics, and obstinately asserts that the point has extension and the line breadth.
Yet we cannot show him a point without extension or a line without breadth; hence we can just as little explain to him the a priori nature of mathematics as the a priori nature of right, because he pays no heed to any knowledge that is not empirical.
But as soon as one wants to extend this principle, to make it the basic principle of society [Grundprincip der Gesellschaft], it shows itself for what it is: But guns he had seen, in the hands of men on Mars, and the expression of Jill's face at having one aimed at her he did not like.
He grokked that this was one of the critical cusps in the growth of a being wherein contemplation must bring forth right action in order to permit further growth. You see everything in black and white!
Jack Ryan [Harrison Ford]: Not black and white Ritter, right and wrong! Clear and Present Danger [Paramount Pictures, ] Ethical goods are goods in relation to persons -- goods for persons. There are multiple persons, and these are divided generally into self and others.
Ethical goods thus fall into two categories: All ethical goods are autonomously defined by selves i. The pursuit of goods for the self is self-interest, and in general it is no moral duty, only prudence, to pursue one's own self-interest. Thomas Jefferson, in a letter fromexpresses this nicely: But I consider our relations with others as constituting the boundaries of morality To ourselves, in strict language, we can owe no duties, obligation requiring also two parties.
Self-love, therefore, is no part of morality. Indeed it is exactly its counterpart. It is the sole antagonist of virtue, leading us constantly by our propensities to self-gratification in violation of our moral duties to others.
By contrast, we find Immanuel Kant saying, " However, preserving one's own life is not a duty. It is a good, but a non-moral good. Non-moral goods are matters of ethical hortatives rather than imperatives, as explained in relation to the polynomic theory of value.
Kant is probably under the impression that self-preservation is a duty, and so suicide a sin, because of Christian ethics, not because of the eternal forms of reason to which he appeals. Greek and Roman moralists rather admired certain kinds of suicide.
But they were pagans. Even Dante excuses the suicide of virtuous pagans, such as Cato the Younger. If suicide were morally wrongful, the only effective sanction against it would be of the sort threatened by Christianity: Punishment, however, only provides a prudential, not a moral, motive for goodness, as Kant well understood himself.
The character of the action itself must be wrongful and the moral duty unconditioned. Yet is Kant himself going to require the hero to preserve his own life when its sacrifice might save his honor, his fellows, or his Nation? Did Jesus have a duty to preserve his life when its Sacrifice would Save mankind?
Even if Kant did not believe in Christian Redemption, it is hard to imagine him being able to sustain an argument that self-preservation is required in all circumstances. On the other hand, we now tend to see suicide as the result of the evils that may drive a person to it. The evils are then the problem, not the person, and the remedy for attempted suicides is to address those.
Also, when we see suicide running in families, we realize that the component of mental difficulties may be significant. Confusion about moral and non-moral goods, goods for selves and good for others, produces characteristic fallacies, as follows: The fallacies of egoism are:Get an answer for 'Examination in school should not be abolished -- thoughts?Give ur views for or against the topic.' and find homework help for other Teachers questions at eNotes.
THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much.
The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, It changed the federal legal status of more than million enslaved African Americans in the designated areas of the South from slave to free.
As soon as a slave escaped the control of the Confederate government, by.
Why Capital Punishment Should be Abolished Essay - Why Capital Punishment Should be Abolished Contrary to popular belief, the death penalty does not act as a deterrent to criminal behavior. The 13th amendment abolished slavery and the 14th amendment provided that representation would be determined according to the whole number of persons in each state, not .
ESSAY SAMPLE ON Examination Should Not Be Abolished TOPICS SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU. Order now. There are many reasons why people “invent” examination, among them testing knowledge is the most important one.
It is obvious that depending on the results of a student in exams, we can relatively know how much knowledge that the students have.